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2015新课标全国II 短文改错解析
发表于:2017-03-01阅读:183次

One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was verycrowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him drying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said,“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried. ” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.


 


1.parent改为parents;名词的数的考查。可数名词复数。

 


2. on改为in ;介词短语的考查。

 


3. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.


very去掉 ;此句为结果状语从句,so...that...引导结果状语从句。



much在这里是形容词,前面可以用副词修饰。但是此句前用了very,和so两个副词修饰,
而且so 与very 并无修饰关系,所以此用法显得重复。再看so...that...是标配,所以去除副词very. 


4.After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing.

 


   looks改为looking ,介词宾语可以用动名词来充当。



after既可以作介词又可以作连词,再这里为什么不把after作为连词,从句主语省略?



因为关于状语从句的主语省略的前提条件是:



当状语从句中的主语和主句的主语一致,或状语从句中的主语是
it,并且又含有be动词时,常可以省略从句中的主语和be动词。

 



5. where改为that 或者去掉 where;

  

   此句为宾语从句,
his parents were missing在主句中作宾语。从句句意完整,并不差成分,所以,关系副词where改为that 或者去掉 where


6. begun改为began 动词的过去时。

 


7. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. 



   1)telling改为told,分清楚并列连词and 链接的成分是saw him crying和told him to wait .

   2)感官动词see sb do sth 表示看到的动作已经完成

             

            see sb doing sth 
表示看到的动作正在发生


8. a改为the 对于前文提到过的名词,再次提到用定冠词the,表特指。

 


9. saw后加his 一般可数名词前用冠词或形容词性物主代词限定。




10. terrible改为terribly

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