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发表于:2017-03-28 阅读:1169次

    The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me . They were also the best and worse years in my life . At the first, I thought I knew everything and could make decisions by yourself. However, my parents didn’t seem to think such. They always tell me what to do and how to do it. At one time , I even felt my parents couldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them. I showed them I was independent by wear strange clothes. Now I am leaving home to college. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.

   1. The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me . 

     year-->years,首先谓语是复数,主语year是单数,哪呢根据主谓一致的原则,这两处肯定有一处是错的。那么再看,定语from 13 to 19表示的年龄应该是复数,所以主语year应该用复数years.


   2.worse-->worst;形容词最高级;


   3.去掉定冠词the, at first 固定搭配;


   4.yourself-->myself,反身代词的数要一致;


   5.such-->so,so在这里是副词,表示如此,那样。英文字典解释为“in this way”. such可作代词,英文字典的解释“such a person or thing”.从英文解释可以看出应该是so.


   6.They always tell me what to do and how to do it.

    tell-->told,动词的时态。

    这个句子变为便于中国人理解的顺序是

    They always tell me to do what and  to do it how.可知,为什么同样都是宾语从句,what引导的省略it how引导的从句不省略it.

  因为what 在从句中充当宾语而how在从句中充当状语,如果it 被省略了,这个从句就没有宾语了。变成They always tell me how to do .---à They always tell me to do how.(差宾语成分)


  7.freely-->free, be+形容词为系表结构,表示主语的状态,性质等。


   8.wear-->wearing,介词宾语一般由名词,代词,动名词(v-ing)充当。


   9.to-->for,to 和 for都有表示向的意思,但是to主要指方向,for暗示目的地。同时,leave...for...固定搭配;出发至某处;leave for beijing"去北京"的意思,也就是"离开本地去北京"。

   10.At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help.

whenever引导的宾语从句,从句差主语,所以添加i。

        使役动词 let,have,make 之后的宾语补助语用不带to 的不定式。Get除外。get sb.to do sth

一般是have sth to do(不定式的主动形式表被动)

        有没有have sb to do sth这个用法???待验证。

 

发表于:2017-03-27 阅读:649次

 The summer holiday is coming. My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. We can chose between staying at home and take a trip. If we stay at home, it is comfortable but there is no need to spend money. But in that case, we will learn little about world. If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden your view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby. I thought that it is a good idea. It does not cost many, yet we can still learn a lot.      

1.My classmates and I are talking about how to do during the holiday. 

how-->what从句在主句中作介词宾语,所以该从句是宾语从句。关联词在从句中作宾语而不作状语,所以不用how,而用what。

2. chose-->choose,情态动词之后用原型。

3.take-->taking,between...and...连接的并列成分,形式应该是一样。用v-ing.

4.but-->and, 上下文为并列关系而不是转折关系。

5.定冠词的考查,独一无二的名词之前用定冠词the。

6.形容词性物主代词your-->our.

7.抽象名词一般为不可数名词。 knowledges-->knowledge.

8. Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby.

1)       虚拟语气在宾语从句中的应用,从句用that引导(可以省略),分句的情态动词用should.而不用can。

2)       Interest可以是名词,作介词宾语。

9.动词的时态thought-->think

10.不可数名词的不定代词考查,many-->much.

发表于:2017-03-01 阅读:604次
My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area. It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady.

 

71. My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live.

that →where ,宾语从句,关联词在从句中作地点状语。

72. Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area.

but去掉 ; though 的用法:

1, though 当从属连接词。"虽然...,但是..."不能说Though...,but...,要把but改成yet,或者根本不用but也可。

2, 作连接用的though所引导的从句与主句的主语如果相同,则主语与be动词可省略。

在让步,时间,条件状语从句中,如果从句的主语是it或从句的主语与主句的主语一致,从句谓语含有be动词,从句的主谓语取消。

It is always crowded with customers at meal times.

抽象名词具体化的用法。不可数的抽象名词表示可数的人和物。名词的数和词义发生变化。

73. had →have

74. honest→ honesty 名词作表语

75. or→ and 连词的考查

76. using →used 被动语态

77.

becoming前加of ;dream 动词。用法又可以分为以下几种:

A,直接接动词不定式作宾语。(不及物动词)

B、先接介词of/about ,再接名词,代词或动名词作宾语。(不及物动词)

C、接that 引导的宾语从句 (不及物动词)

D、后面可以直接跟名词dream,构成同源宾语结构。 (及物动词)

78. the →a

79. our→ his 形容词性物主代词的误用

80. steady→steadily 修饰动词/句子的是副词

 

发表于:2017-03-01 阅读:320次

One day , little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was verycrowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him drying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said,“How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried. ” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

 

1.parent改为parents;名词的数的考查。可数名词复数。
 

2. on改为in ;介词短语的考查。
 

3. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop.

very去掉 ;此句为结果状语从句,so...that...引导结果状语从句。

much在这里是形容词,前面可以用副词修饰。但是此句前用了very,和so两个副词修饰,
而且so 与very 并无修饰关系,所以此用法显得重复。再看so...that...是标配,所以去除副词very. 

4.After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing.
 

   looks改为looking ,介词宾语可以用动名词来充当。

after既可以作介词又可以作连词,再这里为什么不把after作为连词,从句主语省略?

因为关于状语从句的主语省略的前提条件是:

当状语从句中的主语和主句的主语一致,或状语从句中的主语是
it,并且又含有be动词时,常可以省略从句中的主语和be动词。
 

5. where改为that 或者去掉 where;
  
   此句为宾语从句,
his parents were missing在主句中作宾语。从句句意完整,并不差成分,所以,关系副词where改为that 或者去掉 where

6. begun改为began 动词的过去时。
 

7. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. 

   1)telling改为told,分清楚并列连词and 链接的成分是saw him crying和told him to wait .
   2)感官动词see sb do sth 表示看到的动作已经完成
             
            see sb doing sth 
表示看到的动作正在发生

8. a改为the 对于前文提到过的名词,再次提到用定冠词the,表特指。
 

9. saw后加his 一般可数名词前用冠词或形容词性物主代词限定。

10. terrible改为terribly

发表于:2017-02-20 阅读:1347次
My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass. I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view. On the left-hand side of the class, I couldeasy see the football field. In the mornings, it was full of students exercising. The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid.Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them. Farther in the distance, I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains. On the right side of the class was the road. I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning. The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming.II was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it.

 

1. My old classroom was interesting because three side of the classroom were made from glass.

side-sides ,

考查名词的数。后面的动词were也有提示。


2.
from-of

be made of指“成品是由什么原料制成的”能看出原材料。

be made from则看不出原材料。

 be made up of“由…组成” 

be made into意为“原料被加工成了……” 


3.I enjoyed sit close to the windows and looking at the view.

sit-sitting ;

1) enjoy doing sth 2) enjoy oneself 3) enjoy sth

并列连词and之后的looking 也在提示用sitting


4.On the left-hand side of the class, I could 
easy see the football field.
 

easy-easily ;副词修饰动词的时候一般放在be动词/助动词/情态动词之后,实义动词之前。

 
系动词本身有一定的词义,但不能独立作谓语,必须和句子中的表语一起构成谓语。

简单地说,将主语和表语联系在一起,并构成一个完整句子的动词就叫做系动词。

语是用来说明主语的身份、特征或状态的。它又叫作主语补足语。表语位于系动词之后,主要由名词、代词、形容词、数词、副词、介词短语、分词(短语)或动名词(短语)等来充当。

所以see the football field是系表结构,谓语。easily,副词修饰整个系表结构。

副词修饰动词的时候一般放在be动词/助动词/情态动词之后,实一动词之前。


In the mornings, it was full of students exercising.

student是exercise的动作发出者,两者关系为主谓关系,所以用ving 作定语修饰名词students. 

morning 是抽象名词,一般为不可数,但是表具体事例时,也可用复数。


投机取巧小技巧:之前已经有一个side考查名词的数了,这里一般不会再考。
 

5.The view from the back of the classroom is also splendid.

is-was 时态的乱用考查
 

6.Close to the school there was a beautiful park with many trees around them.

them-it 宾格代词的考查

7.Farther in the distance, I could not enjoy the view of snowy mountains.

not 删除 考查对文章意思的理解能力

8。I was always interested to see the drivers in hurry in the morning.

in hurry- in a hurry ;抽象名词和物质名词如果具体化,表示一个具体情况或动作或某

一类物质时,前面可用不定冠词。

 The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was dreaming.

felt-feel ;非谓语复合宾语的知识点考查。make sb do sth

 

10. If I was only a child when I studied in that classroom, I will never forget it.

If-Although/Though 连词的考查。句意是让步状语从句而不是条件状语从句。

发表于:2017-02-13 阅读:798次

My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up.

At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, ―I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.‖

My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter

1. My soccer coach retired in last week. 去掉in

由形容词last, next等修饰的名词词组用作时间状语时,其前不用介词。

在下列情况下,时间状语前不用介词:

 

一、 当时间状语是today, tonight, yesterday, yesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening, tomorrow, tomorrow morning/ afternoon/evening等时。

二、 由this, that ,these等构成的短语用作时间状语时,其前不用介词。

三、 由形容词last, next等修饰的名词词组用作时间状语时,其前不用介词。

四、 由every, each等构成的短语用作时间状语时,其前不用介词。

五、 在以“the day(week, month, year)+before/ after…”构成的时间状语前不用介词。

六、 在以all 构成的短语作时间状语时,如:all day, all the week, all the year 等前面通常不用介词。

2. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party.
 
  
anything 改为something。

  something通常用于肯定句,anything通常用于否定句或疑问句。nothing 在意义上等于 not anything。

3. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help.

better改成best; 

in the world 表示比较范围,超过2个应该用最高级best而不是比较级。形容词最高级前有定冠词the.

 4. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help.

decide改成decided .动词的时态考查。全文通篇用过去时态,所以,decide 也应该用过去时decided.

为什么主句用的一般现在时---因为表示主语具备的性格、特征和能力等。

一般现在时的用法:

1) 表示经常的或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的副词连用。常用的频度副词有:always、often、 usually、seldom、never。频度副词在句中通常放在行为动词之前,系动词、助动词之后。

2) 表示现在的状态。

3) 表示主语具备的性格、特征和能力等。

4) 表示客观真理,客观存在,自然现象。

5) 表示按计划或安排好的,或将要发生的动作,可用一般现在时表将来。但只限于start,begin,leave,go,come,arrive,return,takeplace等。

6) 在复合句中,当主句是一般将来时,时间或条件状语从句的谓语动词只能用一般现在时来表示将来要发生的动作。

5. Mum taught me some basic step of baking.

step 改为steps。名词的数,some可以修饰可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。
 

I insisted on doing most of the baking myself.

从这道题可以看出,一般考语法(是否可以这么用,而不考意思,除非是肯定/否定这种很明显的错误)。MOST 可以做代词/名词。所以用在这里词性没错。而用ALL表示全部与用MOST表示大多数,并没有实质上的不同。
 

6. I thought the biscuits were really wellwell改成good

做表语的应该是形容词,WELL和GOOD都可以做形容词,
 

区别在于:

1) good作形容词,常用来指人的品行好,或事物的质地好,也常用来向别人问好。

2) well 做形容词时,指人的身体好,健康的

注: well 常做副词,修饰动词用。
 

7. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. 

 
 after改成when/while

分析句义可知,主从句的动作是同时发生,而不是先后发生。

Only的词性:adj,adv,conj

8. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, ―I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits。

a改为the 。前文提到party,再次提到用定冠词the.

With+名词+介词短语独立结构

不定式表示目的,retire 后不用不加to 的不定式,所以,just之后加上to


9.just后加to,不定式表目的。
 

10. My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter

enjoy改为enjoying. 介词宾语是名词,所以,不能有动词enjoy,要把动词变为动名词。

 
 
with happy laughter
 

一般说来抽象名词为不可数名词,但当抽象名词表示具体的东西时,可用作可数名词且词义发生变化,叫抽象名词具体化。

象名词表示具有某种特性、状态、感情情绪的人或事。

抽象名词与a(an)连用,淡化了抽象概念,转化为似乎可以体验到的动作、行为或类别。

with happy laughter 在这里 laughter并没有具体化。

 

解析:因为是2个人在笑,所以,并没有用a+adj+物质名词/抽象名词 表单数。

发表于:2017-02-07 阅读:611次
Hi, Janice,

It‘s been a month since I came to this new school and I really want share with you some of the problems I have been experiencing.

As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here. We hand out together during lunch and after school. We‟ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars. It‟s been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many. And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity! In fact, I don‟t like to go anymore, so I‟m afraid I‟ll lose their friendship. How do you think I should do? If you are me, would you talk to him?

Please help with me and give me some advice.
 

1。It‘s been a month since I came to this new school and I really wantshare with you some of the problems I have been experiencing.

1)want to do sth 

2)share sth with sb

3) 定语从句that 的省略: 关联词在从句中作主语不省略。

4)have been experiencing 现在 完成 进行时

2.As I tell you last time, I made three new friend here.

1)last time--过去时的时间状语标志,所以,时态需用一般过去时

2)名词的数
 

3.We‟ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars.

1)spend time (in )doing sth spend time on sth

2)a lot of 可以修饰不可数名词和可数名词
 

4.It‟s been three Saturdays now and it really costs me many.

1)不定代词的考查。前文提到three Saturdays,那么就是指代的是时间,为不可数名词。用much指代。

2)第二个it指代We‟ve been spending a lot of time sing in karaoke bars.

And I started to see this as a time-wasting activity!

合成形容词中的现在分词与所修饰的名词是逻辑上的主动关系,前面的形容词相当于表语:an ordinary-looking man=a man who looks ordinary, an easy-going man=a man who goes easy。过去分词和所修饰的名词是被动关系,形容词相当于补语:clean-washed clothes=clothes which are washed clean, fresh-baked bread=bread which is baked fresh, ready-made goods=goods which are made ready。
 

5.In fact, I don‟t like to go anymore, so I‟m afraid I‟ll lose their friendship.

1)连词的考查。前后文是转折关系而不是因果关系。
 

6.How do you think I should do?

1)变为陈述句语序为:you think i should do what. Or do you think what I should do ?句子缺的成分是宾语而不是状语,说以用what引导而不用how引导。

2)do you think为插入语,插入特殊疑问句时,疑问句用陈述结构

3)do you think后接wh-疑问词引导的宾语从句时,wh-疑问词常提至句首,为一特殊句式,从句应用陈述式结构

-Where do you think ___he ___the computer?

-Sorry.I have no idea.

A has bought B / bought C did buy D / buys
 

7.If you are me, would you talk to him?

1)虚拟语气,状语从句if 句型的考查。主句用疑问形式,打乱顺序,以此迷惑考生,增加难度。

2)宾格代词的数
 

8.Please help with me and give me some advice.

1)help 在此作及物动词。去掉with


发表于:2017-02-07 阅读:1411次

(心血整理,转载请注明出处)

 

When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies havebeen shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. Theairs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out. We must foundways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it.

1. When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city.

When引导的时间状语从句,主过从过;

Hope后接不定式是可以的,hope后不能接复合结构。Wish可以。

  2.think I would be happy there.

  前文是用的过去时态,所以think也要用过去时态thought

  3. Now I am living in a city, but I miss my home in countryside.

  单数名词之前需要用不定冠词表泛指,定冠词the表特指。

  单数可数名词不能单独存在,前面需要用冠词。复数名词表泛指时,前可以不用冠词。专有名词和不可数名词之前,也可以不用冠词。

4.There the air is clean or the mountains are green.

 Or 表选择,不表并列意思。并列用and

5. on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted.

  表伴随用介词with,非谓语-独立结构

6. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriouslyproblem.

  1)主动 2)that 可省略 3)修饰名词的是形容词而不是副词

  4)very的词性是 1> adj 2>adv 在这里是adv

在以下情况下,that不能省略。

 

1. Everybody could see what happened and that Tom was frightened.(and连接两个宾语从句,that宾语从句放在and的后面时,that不能省略。)

2.I know nothing about him except that he is from the south.(that引导的宾语从句作介词宾语时,that不能省略。)

3.That he ever said such a thing I simply don’t believe. (that从句位于句首时,that不可省略。)

4. We decided, in view of his special circumstances, that we would admit him for a probationaryperiod. (主句谓语动词与that从句之间有插入语,that不可省略。)

7. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.

  1)物质名词一般用单数形式。除非是表不同的种类,但是空气只有一种,所以需要用单数形式。

  2)that 在此省略了

  3)比较级的用法: adj-er and adj-er

8. Much rare animals are dying out.

Much 的词性是adv,adj,pron, Many 的词性是adj,pron

在这里是adj,修饰可数名词用many,不用much

9. We must found ways to protect your environment.

  1)情态动词must 之后的动词用原形。

  2)不定式表目的

  3)形容词性物主代词的考察,结合上下文意思。

10.If we fail to do so, we’ll live to regret it.

  1) 条件从句,时间从句的知识点在表示的动作发生在将来时,时态为主将从现。

  2)regret可作vt,也可作vi. 所以,这一句没有错误的地方。

      3)so 可作 adv, conj, int(感叹词),pron. 在这里做pron. 
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